Environmental Engineering( ES-401 )

( EC- 4th Sem )

Environmental Engineering

Course Outcomes

After Completion of this Course students can:

  • Understand concepts of Energy Science.
  • Understand concepts of Ecosystems.
  • Understand concepts of Biodiversity and its conservation.
  • Understand concepts of Environmental Pollution.
  • Understand concepts of Social Issues and the Environment.


The objective of this Course is to provide an introduction to energy systems and renewable energy resources, with a scientific examination of the energy field and an emphasis on alternative energy sources and their technology and application.

Course Content

Main Contents of this course which students needs to learn are:

  • Introduction to energy systems and resources; Introduction to Energy, sustainability & the environment; Overview of energy systems, sources, transformations, efficiency, and storage; Fossil fuels (coal, oil, oil-bearing shale and sands, coal gasification) - past, present & future, Remedies & alternatives for fossil fuels - biomass, wind, solar, nuclear, wave, tidal and hydrogen; Sustainability and environmental trade-offs of different energy systems; possibilities for energy storage or regeneration (Ex. Pumped storage hydro power projects, superconductor-based energy storages, high efficiency batteries)
  • Concept of an ecosystem; Structure and function of an ecosystem; Producers, consumers and decomposers; Energy flow in the ecosystem; Ecological succession; Food chains, food webs and ecological pyramids; Introduction, types, characteristic features, structure and function of the following ecosystem (a.)Forest ecosystem (b) Grassland ecosystem (c) Desert ecosystem (d) Aquatic ecosystems (ponds, streams, lakes, rivers, oceans, estuaries).
  • Definition: genetic, species and ecosystem diversity; Bio-geographical classification of India; Value of biodiversity: consumptive use, productive use, social, ethical, aesthetic and option values; Biodiversity at global, National and local levels; India as a mega-diversity nation; Hot-sports of biodiversity; Threats to biodiversity: habitat loss, poaching of wildlife, man-wildlife conflicts; Endangered and endemic species of India; Conservation of biodiversity: In-situ and Ex-situ conservation of biodiversity.
  • Definition, Cause, effects and control measures of Air pollution, Water pollution, Soil pollution, Marine pollution, Noise pollution, Thermal pollution, Nuclear hazards; Solid waste Management: Causes, effects and control measures of urban and industrial wastes; Role of an individual in prevention of pollution; Pollution case studies; Disaster management: floods, earthquake, cyclone and landslides.
  • From Unsustainable to Sustainable development; Urban problems related to energy; Water conservation, rain water harvesting, watershed management; Resettlement and rehabilitation of people; its problems and concerns. Case Studies Environmental ethics: Issues and possible solutions. Climate change, global warming, acid rain, ozone layer depletion, nuclear accidents and holocaust. Case Studies Wasteland reclamation; Consumerism and waste products; Environment Protection Act; Air (Prevention and Control of Pollution) Act; Water (Prevention and control of Pollution) Act; Wildlife Protection Act; Forest Conservation Act; Issues involved in enforcement of environmental legislation; Public awareness.

Book References

Some books which will help you to learn this course:

  • Brunner R.C., 1989, Hazardous Waste Incineration, McGraw Hill Inc.
  • Clark R.S., Marine Pollution, Clanderson Press Oxford (TB).
  • Cunningham, W.P. Cooper, T.H. Gorhani, E & Hepworth, M.T. 2001, Environmental Encyclopedia, Jaico Publ. House, Mumabai.
  • De A.K., Environmental Chemistry, Wiley Eastern Ltd.
  • Trivedi R.K., Handbook of Environmental Laws, Rules Guidelines, Compliances and Standards’, Vol I and II, Enviro Media (R)
  • Boyle, Godfrey, Bob Everett, and Janet Ramage (Eds.) (2004), Energy Systems and Sustainability: Power for a Sustainable Future. Oxford University Press.
  • Schaeffer, John (2007), Real Goods Solar Living Sourcebook: The Complete Guide to Renewable Energy Technologies and Sustainable Living, Gaiam.

Field Work

Students can perform fieldwork after completion of this module:

  • Visit to a local area to document environmental assetsriver/forest/grassland/hill/mountain.
  • Visit to a local polluted site-Urban/Rural/Industrial/Agricultural.
  • Study of common plants, insects, birds.
  • Study of simple ecosystems-pond, river, hill slopes, etc.

Cousre Notes

For "Course Notes" you can refer our Notes Section for 2nd Year( Click Here )

  • TAGS:

  • Himanshu College Academy
    Author- Himanshu
    ( Core Member )